A hybrid solar eclipse is a very rare and rare astronomical event, and there will soon be one on April 20, 2023.
Talk to most eclipse chasers and they will tell you that there are three types of solar eclipse. The first is a partial eclipse of the most common and least impressive because Moon it just blocks part of the sun sending a shadow, the penumbra, across a swath of Earth. The second is an annular solar eclipse, where the moon blocks the center of the sun, but leaves a circle of sunlight visible from within a shadow called an antumbra. It is often called the “ring of fire.” The third is a total solar eclipse in which the moon blocks out the entirety of the solar disk, revealing the spectacular sight of the solar corona, which can be seen with the naked eye from the moon’s dark shadow, the umbra.
However, there is an intriguing fourth type of solar eclipse, a hybrid solar eclipse, which occurs only a few times per century. It is a combination of the other three types, but it is also impossible to experience it in all its glory. Luckily, the next solar eclipse occur in Land It will be a hybrid solar eclipse. Here’s everything you need to know about the upcoming hybrid solar eclipse: the rarest, most intriguing, and possibly the most spectacular and globally interesting type of solar eclipse in existence.
WHAT IS A HYBRID SOLAR ECLIPSE?
A hybrid solar eclipse combines an annular and a total solar eclipse where the former becomes the latter and then usually returns. Therefore, observers at different points in the eclipse path may experience different phenomena. For example, if you watch a hybrid solar eclipse at sunrise or sunset, you might see a brief “ring of fire.” If you view it at noon, that is, at the midpoint of the eclipse’s path across the Earth’s surface, you will experience totality. Therefore, it is impossible to experience both an annular and total solar eclipse during a hybrid event – you have to choose.
Remember, NEVER look at the sun without proper protection. Our how to observe the sun safely The guide tells you everything you need to know about safe solar observations. The guide also tells you about the solar targets you can search for and the equipment needed to do so.
If you want to get everything ready to view a solar eclipse, we have guides for the best cameras for astrophotographyand the best lenses for astrophotography. Our how to photograph a solar eclipse The guide will also help you plan your next sungazing adventure.
WHY DO HYBRID SOLAR ECLIPSES HAPPEN?
Hybrid solar eclipses occur when the moon’s distance is close to its limit for the umbral shadow to reach Earth and because the earth is curved (opens in a new tab). The moon is just the right distance from Earth so that the apex of its cone-shaped shadow is slightly above the Earth’s surface at the beginning and end of the eclipse path, making the antumbral shadow of the moon moves across the Earth and causes an annular solar eclipse. . However, in the middle of the eclipse path, the apex of the moon’s umbral shadow hits the Earth’s surface because that part of the planet is slightly closer to the moon.
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This diagram of a hybrid solar eclipse shows how the Moon’s distance from Earth determines the shadow cast on Earth’s surface, from the dim penumbra of a partial solar eclipse to the deep, dark umbra of totality and antumbra, a kind of half shadow — of annularity.
WHEN IS THE NEXT HYBRID SOLAR ECLIPSE?
The next hybrid solar eclipse will occur on April 20, 2023 in the southern hemisphere. It will go from null to total and back again at two specific points, but both are in remote locations at sea.
So for all intents and purposes this will exclusively be experienced as a total solar eclipse from the Exmouth Peninsula in Western Australia (up to 1 minute), Timor Leste (1 minute 14 seconds) and West Papua (1 minute 9 seconds). Just before and just after totality, a huge display of baily’s pearls will be visible.
If you’d like to see the path of the eclipse, along with the eclipse times for each location, check out this interactive eclipse map by Xavier Jubier (opens in a new tab). is one of two solar eclipses in 2023.
WHAT ARE BAILY PEARLS?
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Named after the English astronomer Francis Baily, who observed them in the early 19th century, the Baily beads are the last rays of sunlight that can be seen traversing the valleys of the moon just before totality. They can also be seen as extremes of wholeness. During a hybrid solar eclipse, the Baily bead displays are longer because the moon is almost exactly the same apparent size as the sun.
HOW OFTEN DOES A HYBRID SOLAR ECLIPSE HAPPEN?
There are between two and five solar eclipses each year, although during the 21st century only 3.1% (opens in a new tab) (7 of 224) of solar eclipses are hybrid solar eclipses. Between 2000 B.C. C. and 3000 d. c. only 4.8% (opens in a new tab) of solar eclipses are hybrid events.
The last hybrid solar eclipse to occur was on November 3, 2013. It was visible as a total solar eclipse in central Africa, including northern Kenya and Uganda, the Congo, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Cruise ships in the mid-Atlantic Ocean also experienced totality, for up to a minute.
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR A HYBRID SOLAR ECLIPSE?
hybrid solar eclipses they are often called total annular eclipses, “beaded” solar eclipses, or “broken” annular eclipses, the latter two because they feature particularly long displays of Baily beads.
Because the moon appears to pass directly in front of the sun, hybrid solar eclipses are classified as “central” solar eclipses, just like total and annular solar eclipses, to differentiate them from partial solar eclipses.
Editor’s note: If you take an amazing photo of a solar eclipse and want to share it with Space.com readers, please send your photos, comments, and your name and location to [email protected]
Jamie Carter is the editor of WhenIsNextEclipse.com (opens in a new tab)
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Explore the different types of solar eclipses in more detail with this informative NASA article (opens in a new tab). Texas State University (opens in a new tab) has a helpful list of various videos explaining the different types of eclipses.
Bikos, K. (2022, November 13). What is a hybrid solar eclipse? Retrieved on November 13, 2022, from https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/hybrid-solar-eclipse.html (opens in a new tab)
Espenak, F. (2007, February 13). Five Millennium catalog of hybrid solar eclipses. Retrieved on November 13, 2022, from https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEcat5/SEhybrid5.html (opens in a new tab)
Jubier, X. (2022, November 13). Five millennium (-1999 to +3000) Canon of the database of solar eclipses. Retrieved on November 13, 2022, from http://xjubier.free.fr/en/site_pages/solar_eclipses/5MCSE/xSE_Five_Millennium_Canon.html (opens in a new tab)
Nemiroff, R. & Bonnell, J. (November 3, 2013). Astronomical image of the day. Retrieved on November 13, 2022, from https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap131103.html (opens in a new tab)